Coeliac (sometimes spelled celiac) disease is a lifelong autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system reacts to gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. The body’s reaction to gluten causes damage to the lining of the intestine, preventing the body from absorbing important nutrients. Symptoms can include bloating, diarrhoea, nausea, wind, constipation, tiredness, headaches, sudden or unexpected weight loss, hair loss and anaemia.
It’s estimated that about one in a hundred people in the UK suffers from coeliac disease. The myriad of symptoms and varying degrees of severity associated with coeliac disease make it difficult to diagnose. Once it is diagnosed, it’s treated by following a gluten-free diet for life. If you suspect you have coeliac disease, you are advised you go to your GP for further information before you make any changes to your diet.
However, ‘gluten-free’ diets have become very popular – quite a fad! This has led to some food providers not understanding that if gluten-free food is contaminated in any way by gluten, eg by baking something in the same kitchen as items containing gluten without preventing cross-contamination, this can cause a severe reaction in a coeliac although many people on a supposedly gluten-free diet would not experience any problem.
Coeliac UK – a British charity – provides a great deal of information about coeliac disease and includes gluten-free recipes.
Try this NHS page for more information about coeliac disease.